In 1712, after the death of Emperor Shah Alam Bahadur Shah (son and successor of Aurangzeb), followed the War for Succession among his sons, as before; and this time the four Princes were Jahandar Shah, Azim-ush-shan, Rafi-ush-shan and Jahan Shah. Jahandar Shah, eldest son of Shah Alam Bahadur, came out to be successful with strong support of the Amir-ul-umara Zulfiqar Khan. On 29 March, 1712, when Jahandar Shah ascended the throne of Hindustan, he was fifty-two years old. Zulfiqar Khan was made his Wazir.
Muizz-ud-din Muhammad Jahandar Shah (1712-1713), eighth Emperor of the Mughal dynasty and thirteenth in descent from Amir Timur, was a weak and pleasure-loving king, who neglected the State affairs, and spent most of his time in merrymaking. It was a golden time for musicians, singers and dancers.